Chinese jade has a long history and a famous oriental recognition in the world. Jade is known as the “Oriental Art” because of its artistic style and vintage oriental character. With fine sculpting and carving, these jade stones become essential items in many people’s life, full of sentiment and used everywhere. Among all Chinese artistic treasures, only “jade” has been long lasting for over 8000 years, and only “jade” has closely bounded with people’s lives. “Jade” has deeply integrated into Chinese traditional culture and etiquette, serving a special role that associates with political religious and ethical doctrines, resulting in a mystic image in the world.
Along with historical development from early Stone Age, Chinese jade culture was born, grown, revolutionized, developed, flourished and peaked. Nurtured by the Chinese jade culture, a variety of jade gemstone are found throughout the history, especially the four famous Chinese jade – Nephrite (Soft Jade), Turquoise, Hsiuyen Jade (Serpentine, Green Jade originating from Xiuyan), Dushan Jade (Jade from Dushan); other than the four famous jade species, there are also Agate, Malachite etc other species of jade. Countless of these various types of jade gemstones were turned into art pieces, jewelry, and household decoration by Chinese ancestors, infused with their pursuit for reality, kindness, purity, beauty.
During Ming and Qing Dynasty, Jadeite entered the Chinese history, and brought out a new era in the jade culture. The red part of jadeite is flaming red called “Fei” in Chinese, the green part of jadeite is fall of springs called “Cui”, combining the two characters is the Chinese name of Jadeite “Fei Cui”. In the ancient time, feicui did not denote for the gemstone, but is the name of a rare bird who has both red and green feathers. Today “feicui” is know as the special hard jade of jadeite formed by millions of years of earth force. This mystic, modest, pure and beautiful jadeite stone is the symbol of peace bliss and good luck.
Like the old adage says “jade cannot become a craft without sculpting”. The artisan combine the material, color of jadeite with the superb carving and oriental characteristics, making each piece not only an artistic estate but also a cultural heritage. Jadeite has abundant colors of various gems as well as the modest soft touch of jade, therefore, it’s very popular among people from different background, age, sex, culture and social status; it’s the king of jade.
Today, jadeite is vastly traded in China. Mature jadeite markets are mainly in China (such as the Jade Street in Guangzhou China, Jieyang Yangmei, Nanhai Pingzhou, and Zhaoqing Sihui etc.) and Myanmar. The old saying “Gold has a price, but jade does not” became true today with so many people pursuing jadeite in China as well as entire South East Asia.
This book talks about jadeite in a broad spectrum of topics, especially emphasizes in jadeite appreciation, quality recognition, artisan techniques and culture. The writer includes many findings and research result from other and his experience in visiting different jadeite market in 7 chapters of this book. The writer uses easy to understand language to reveal various knowledge in topics related to jadeite. This book is suitable for students pursuing education in gemology as well as field research reference. New findings and development in jadeite search grow in a fast pace in recent years, this book may contain errors and omission and needs reads’s feedback.
Writers received many supports in compiling content and writing this book, including many indivisuals, several gemology schools and Yunfeng zhubao brand corporation in China.